The partitioning of British India into self sustaining Pakistan and India in August 1947 happened in the course of communal holocaust, with Hindus and Sikhs on one aspect and Muslims at the different. greater than 750,000 humans have been butchered, and 12 million fled their homes—primarily in caravans of bullock-carts—to search shelter around the new border: it used to be the most important exodus in historical past. Sixty-seven years later, it's as though that August by no means ended.
Renowned historian and journalist Dilip Hiro presents a riveting account of the connection among India and Pakistan, tracing the landmark occasions that resulted in the department of the sub-continent and the evolution of the contentious dating among Hindus and Muslims. To at the present time, an affordable answer to their dispute has proved elusive, and the road of keep an eye on in Kashmir continues to be the main seriously fortified frontier on this planet, with 400,000 infantrymen arrayed on both side.
Since partition, there were a number of acute crises among the buddies, together with the secession of East Pakistan to shape an self sustaining Bangladesh in 1971, and the purchase of nuclear guns via each side leading to a scarcely kept away from disagreement in 1999 and back in 2002. Hiro amply demonstrates the geopolitical value of the India-Pakistan clash via chronicling their respective ties not just with the USA and the Soviet Union, but in addition with China, Israel, and Afghanistan.
Hiro weaves those threads right into a lucid narrative, enlivened with colourful biographies of leaders, brilliant descriptions of wars, sensational assassinations, gross violations of human rights—and cultural signifiers like cricket fits. The Longest August is incomparable in its scope and provides the 1st definitive heritage of 1 of the world’s longest-running and such a lot intractable conflicts.