By Coulter H. George

How did old Greek exhibit that an occasion happened at a specific time, for a definite period, or inside of a given time-frame? the reply to those questions is determined by numerous stipulations - the character of the time noun, the demanding and element of the verb, the actual historic interval of Greek in which the writer lived - that current experiences of the language don't take sufficiently under consideration. This ebook consequently examines the conditions that govern using the genitive, dative, and accusative of time, in addition to the suitable prepositional structures, essentially in Greek prose of the 5th century BC in the course of the moment century advert, but additionally in Homer. whereas the point of interest is on advancements in Greek, translations of the examples, in addition to an absolutely glossed precis bankruptcy, make it obtainable to linguists drawn to the expression of time in most cases.

Show description

Read or Download Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies) PDF

Best Ancient Greece books

The Complete Plays of Sophocles: A New Translation

Award-winningpoet-playwrights Robert Bagg and James Scully presenta gripping new translation of Western literature’s earliest treasures in TheComplete performs of Sophocles. within the culture of Robert Fagles’bestselling translations of The Iliad and The Odyssey, andretaining the textual authenticity of Richmond Lattimore’sAeschylus, Bagg and Scully render Sophocles’ dramasaccessible and interesting for the trendy reader.

Mystic Cults in Magna Graecia

In Vergil's Aeneid, the poet signifies that those that were initiated into secret cults take pleasure in a blessed scenario either in lifestyles and after demise. This selection of essays brings new perception to the research of mystic cults within the historic global, really those who flourished in Magna Graecia (essentially the realm of present-day Southern Italy and Sicily).

The Parthenon Enigma

In-built the 5th century b. c. , the Parthenon has been honored for greater than millennia because the West’s final paragon of attractiveness and share. because the Enlightenment, it has additionally come to symbolize our political beliefs, the lavish temple to the goddess Athena serving because the version for our so much hallowed civic structure.

Economy and Economics of Ancient Greece (Routledge Explorations in Economic History)

Addressing the lack of literature that has been written in this key point of financial historical past, Takeshi Amemiya, a widely known top economist dependent at Stanford college, analyzes the 2 diametrically hostile perspectives concerning the unique nature of the traditional Greek economic system, placing jointly a vast and complete survey that's remarkable during this box.

Extra resources for Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies)

Show sample text content

1, 10. 6; non-emphatic: Mem. 1. 6. 2, three. eight. nine, Oec. five. four, Cyr. five. 1. eleven, eight. five. 2, Cyn. five. five, five. 6. There is still Mem. 2. 1. 30, that's most likely additionally emphatic, yet to a far lesser quantity than the opposite examples. a hundred thirty five ex p re s s i o ns of ti m e : s t y le , ge n re , a n d di a c h ro n y (26) φανερὸς δὲ ἐγένετο καὶ ὁ νεὼς τοῦ Ποσειδῶνος ταύτῃ τῇ νυκτὶ καόμενος And the temple of Poseidon was once conspicuous because it burned that evening (HG four. five. four) (27) κωμάζει γὰρ ἡ πόλις πᾶσα τῇδε τῇ νυκτί32 For the entire urban is celebrating in this evening (Cyr. 7. five. 25) subsequent, people with the genitive of time: (28) ὥστ’ ἐκείνης τῆς νυκτὸς οὐδεὶς ἐκοιμήθη And so not anyone slept on that evening (HG 2. 2. three) (29) καὶ ταύτης τῆς νυκτὸς σφενδονῆται μὲν εἰς διακοσίους ἐγένοντο, ἵπποι δὲ καὶ ἱππεῖς ἐδοκιμάσθησαν τῇ ὑστεραίᾳ εἰς πεντήκοντα And in this evening, the slingers got here to 2 hundred, and approximately fifty horses and cavalry have been licensed at the subsequent day as fit to serve (An. three. three. 20) all the final examples of the genitive of time of νυκτός have both no modifier in any respect or purely the definite article, except 3 examples with τῆς ἐπιούσης, of which the next is representative:33 (30) ἁθρόαι δὲ γενόμεναι αἱ νῆες ἅπασαι ἐν Παρίῳ ἓξ καὶ ὀγδοήκοντα τῆς ἐπιούσης νυκτὸς ἀνηγάγοντο, καὶ τῇ ἄλλῃ ἡμέρᾳ περὶ ἀρίστου ὥραν ἧκον εἰς Προκόννησον And all eighty-six ships, assembling at Parium, positioned to sea at the subsequent evening, and at the subsequent day, round breakfast time, they reached Proconnesus (HG 1. 1. thirteen) One may perhaps wish to distinguish among the genitive and dative by means of finding the previous for use in additional limitative events, the latter in additional prototypical punctual contexts. And certainly examples (25) via (27) fit this view of the dative, and (28), with the genitive, should be visible as extra limitative, because of the presence of the damaging οὐδείς. The genitives in passages (29) and (30), despite the fact that, face up to this interpretation, as neither rather includes the hallmarks of the limitative style. either have plural topics, to ensure, and hence 32 33 The textual content the following depends upon Stephanus’ conjecture of κωμάζει for the garbled readings of the MSS. yet they're all not less than constant in having the dative of time (though a few overlook the item τῇ). See additionally HG 1. 2. four (καὶ τῆς ἐπιούσης νυκτὸς ἐνέβαλον εἰς τὴν Λυδίαν) and Cyr. 7. 2. three (τῆς ἐπιούσης νυκτὸς ἀναβιβάζει Χαλδαίους τε καὶ Πέρσας). 136 x e n op h on may well probably be noticeable as describing the multiplicity of occasions which may set off the limitative. yet a plural verb is obviously now not adequate by itself to warrant this sort of reading;34 nor do both of the 2 additional passages with τῆς ἐπιούσης νυκτός (see n. 33) demand a limitative interpreting. regularly, the similarity of the passages with the genitive and dative presents credible proof that there's anything as regards to unfastened edition within the case utilization the following: the genitive is the popular case for the punctual expressions of νύξ (recall that there are forty six× with (τῆς) νυκτός with no extra modifier), most likely simply because it is a noun that happens so conveniently in modalhabitual structures; yet, whilst a demonstrative can also be current, this tendency might be overridden by way of assimilation to the datives of time with ἡμέρα.

Rated 4.89 of 5 – based on 9 votes