Translated via Aubrey de Sélincourt with an creation and Notes through John M. Marincola.
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Now, the nice King is going on his army expeditions good outfitted with nutrients and farm animals from domestic, and he additionally brings water from the River Choäspes (on whose banks the town of Susa is situated), simply because water from no different river other than the Choäspes is permitted to cross the king’s lips. This Choäspes water is boiled, and anywhere the king may be campaigning on any given party, he's followed through a lot of four-wheeled wagons, drawn via mules, which hold the water in silver boxes.  On his solution to Babylon, Cyrus got here to the River Gyndes. This river rises in Matiene, flows in the course of the land of the Dardanae and joins one other river, the Tigris, which flows previous the city of Opis and matters into the crimson Sea. Now, as Cyrus was once negotiating the crossing of this river, which used to be deep adequate to be navigable, one among his sacred white horses charged violently into the water and attempted to swim throughout, however the river submerged it in its present and swept it away. Cyrus was once tremendous offended with the river for this brutal act and he warned it that he would scale back its power to such an quantity that during the longer term even girls might simply be capable of go it with out getting their knees rainy. Having issued this possibility, he deserted his day trip opposed to Babylon and divided his military into halves. Then he marked out 180 plumb-straight channels on both financial institution of the river, radiating out in each path, situated half his military on either side and ordered his males to begin digging. He had a substantial work-force at his disposal, and so the paintings proceeded good, yet they nonetheless spent the full summer season operating there.  So Cyrus punished the Gyndes River via dividing it into 300 and sixty channels. at first of the second one spring he resumed his march on Babylon. The Babylonians introduced their military out of town and awaited Cyrus’ arrival. while he drew close to the town, the Babylonians engaged him, yet they misplaced the conflict and have been pushed again into the town. Now, this was once no longer the 1st time that Cyrus’ expansionist targets had come to their recognition; that they had spotted how he attacked each race indiscriminately, and so they had for extraordinarily decades been stockpiling nutrients within the urban. in order that they weren't in any respect stricken through the siege. As increasingly more time glided by and there has been no development within the subject, Cyrus didn't understand what to do.  probably it was once an individual else’s advice for the way out of his problems, or even he came upon what to do via himself, yet besides what he did was once this. He stationed his military at a ways from† the purpose the place the river entered Babylon, and published another troops at the back of the town, the place the river comes out back. He informed his males to attend till they observed the river develop into fordable, after which to go into the town that manner. as soon as he had published them there and given them those instructions,† he himself withdrew, besides that a part of his military which used to be undeserving. whilst he got here to the lake, he did roughly precisely what the Babylonian queen had performed to the river and the lake: that's, he dug a channel to divert the river into the marshy lake, in order that as soon as the river had subsided, its unique mattress turned fordable.