By Jeffrey Henderson

The pervasive and unrestrained use of obscenity has lengthy been stated as a big function of fifth-century Attic Comedy; no different Western paintings shape is based so seriously at the sexual and scatological dimensions of language. This acclaimed booklet, now in a brand new variation, deals either a accomplished dialogue of the dynamics of Greek obscenity and a close observation at the terminology itself.

After contrasting the unusual features of the Greek proposal of obscenity to modern day principles, Henderson discusses obscenity's function within the improvement of Attic Comedy, its old origins, forms, and dramatic functionality. His research of obscene terminology sheds new gentle on Greek tradition, and his dialogue of Greek homosexuality bargains a clean corrective to the idealized Platonic view. He additionally appears intimately on the half obscenity performs in each one of Aristophanes' 11 surviving performs. The latter a part of the booklet identifies all of the obscene terminology present in the extant examples of Attic Comedy, either entire performs and fragments. even if those terminological entries are prepared in numbered paragraphs corresponding to a word list, they could even be learn as self sufficient essays at the quite a few facets of comedian obscenity. phrases are defined as they happen in every one person context and with regards to typologically comparable terminology. With newly corrected and up to date philological fabric, this moment variation of Maculate Muse will function a useful reference paintings for the learn of Greek drama.

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V. ). 36. related gay references to figs are , (to squeeze figs, Eq 259), used of Gleon's sufferers. Cleon is gifted frequently during this play as a paedicator, or gay rapist (see under, part 479); and in Ameipsias 33. 37. The petals of the fig ( ) point out the foreskin: A 1102, E 707 f. , to attract again the petals, is in which means similar to (q. v. ): to attract again the prepuce in practise for sexual intercourse or to be circumcised (n. 17, above). fifty five The Odomantian barbarians of A 158 are highly erect (dissolute) and circumcised,56 as is apparent from line one hundred sixty, the place their savage sexual proclivities are seen. they're "all too violently virile"57 opposite numbers to the dissolute pathics, Cleisthenes and Straton, unmasked prior by means of Dicaeopolis. For (dual) probably = testicles, see part 12, above. fifty five. For circumcision see n. 17, above. fifty six. fifty seven. Whitman (n. 18, above), p. sixty one. The Sexual Organs 119 38. at L 663, to be wrapped in a fig leaf, is a triple pun: (1) to be muffled up in our outfits; (2) to be hoodwinked; (3) to stay limp and unerect like codgers, that's, with foreskins unretracted. The tried rejuvenation of the outdated males is among the significant subject matters of the agon of Lysistrata, that's choked with such phallic allusions. 39. , mallow stalk, is the erect member at L 735: a sex-starved lady explains to Lysistrata that she left one at domestic , unscutched (see ). forty. , acorn, used to be it appears a customary identify for the glans penis, to pass judgement on from its use in technical writers; fifty eight equally prompted is its universal which means of "iron peg" or "bolt-pin" (LSJ II. 4). those photos, the acornlike knob and the not easy shaft, make a bright motor vehicle for double entendres on erect phalli like these within the Probulus' speech at L 410 ff. fifty nine forty-one. In verbal shape the picture appears to be like to intend "penetrate sexually" : at L 337 the outdated males run towards the ladies at the acropolis , and at E 361 the constipated Blepyrus personifies a obdurate prickly pear: , now he is banging at my again gate (= , ass-hole). 60 Cf. Timocl. 2 (q. v. ) , and the tongue-case is penetrated too. forty two. , chickpea, is the erect member: A 801, P 1136, R 545, E forty five. now we have already spotted the of Sophilus eight (section 22). sixty one This utilization definitely derives from the looks of the plant itself: the cicer arietenum is furry with particularly huge, pealike fruit. sixty two forty three. , barley-corn. Like , the small, elongated is utilized by scientific writers to intend styes at the eyelid. sixty three The bearded visual appeal of barley stalks may perhaps upload an additional aspect of comparability. definitely (= , early barley), utilized by Cratinus 381 for the loins fifty eight. E. g. Arist. HA 493" 27, Gal. 10. 381, ballot. 2. 171. fifty nine. For ( ) (L413), cf. the word PMag. four. 405. 60. Cf. , socket-bolt (AP five. 241. 6); , knobbed bolt, in ballot. 2. 176, Hsch. , Zon. , EM a hundred twenty five. 24 (for a potential pun on / in Xenarch. 1. five, see Kock advert loc. ); (Hsch. ); , which at Pherecr. 204 ability (cf. AP four. 271. eleven, AB 423, ballot. 2. 176, Hsch. s. v. . Th. de Wit-Tak, Lysistrata: Vrede, Vrouw, en Obsceniteit bij Aristophanes (Groningen, 1967), p. 119, n. ninety two, mistakenly makes an attempt to explain a double feel of at L 1054 which doesn't exist; see van Leeuwen advert loc.

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